Documentation & Metadata
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Publishing & Archiving
A citation for a dataset should include the following:
Author/ creator of dataset
Publication/ release data (if data was temporarily embargoed)
Follow the guidelines of the style you are using for your research paper. Not all style guides provide specific guidelines on how to cite data. In which case do your best to adhere closely to the guide's standards.
Often there will be multiple versions of a dataset available. Make sure you cite the exact version(s) you used.